By Lakshya Agarwal
During the American Presidential Elections, I thought it was quite evident that Joe Biden was going to take on the role of president, however, at the time nobody knew the power he would wield till the election in Georgia. The election in Georgia would determine who would fill the last two seats of the Senate. Winning the Senate has the power to control what laws the president passes during their term.
In 2009, when President Barack Obama said that the HealthCare bill will not wait, he wasn’t kidding. That year the democrats won the House of Representatives and the Senate. Although no Republican voted for the Healthcare bill, it was still passed the next year. The year after that Republicans won control of the Senate and Obama didn’t pass any major piece of legislation for the remainder of his term. When Donald Trump came into power, the Republicans controlled both the House of Representatives and the Senate. This meant that Trump could pass whatever laws he saw fit.The tax cuts were quickly passed by the Republicans even though no Democrats voted for it. However, then Democrats again gained control of the House and Trump was not able to go ahead on other laws like building a wall on the United States-Mexico border. This year with Biden to become President, the Democrats have control of the House of Representatives. The last two seats of the Senate were yet to be decided. Republicans held 50 seats while the Democrats 48. An election had been held for the senate in Georgia before, but no candidate had a 50% majority. Another free spot had opened up in the Senate due to the retirement of a member. Even this election was taking place in Georgia. In the election of the second seat also no candidate had got 50% of the votes. So there was a runoff election taking place on the 21st of January for both the seats in Georgia and the top two candidates competing for them. If the Republicans won even one of the seats, they would have a majority and would control the Senate. If the Democrats won both seats, they would be a 50-50 tie. When there is a tie in the Senate, the tie-breaker vote is made by the Vice President who is Democrat. Luckily for the Democrats, they won both the seats and have full control of the Senate, and the House of Representatives. This means that President Joe Biden can get his agenda, moving quickly. Like creating a large stimulus check for people financially suffering due to the effects of Covid-19 and making taxes higher for the rich.
In conclusion, just becoming president, cannot enable a party to do whatever it wants. The House and the Senate determine the true extent of the president’s power.