By Ayraah Lodha
The full story of Article 370 can be quite tricky to understand, so today we are going into depth about the history, and the entire story of Article 370.
Some Background Information:
The area of Kashmir was once a princely state called Jammu & Kashmir, but this ended when it joined India in the =year of their independence. This subcontinent was divided when the British rule ended. India and Pakistan went to war over it and each controlled different parts of it with a ceasefire line agreed, but this went to waste as both the countries decided they wanted the whole land, causing a major dispute.
Why is Kashmir controversial?
Kashmir is a region that both India and Pakistan say is completely theirs, causing numerous wars, the most well known is the Kargil War. The Kargil war lasted for almost three months, killed over 500 Indian and nearly 400 Pakistani soldiers, and ended with India successfully pushing back the Pakistani soldiers, to the other side of the Line Of Control. (The military control line between India and Pakistan.)
Why the government abrogated Article 370:
Article 370 of the Indian Constitution was an article that allowed the Jammu and Kashmir state’s legislature to define “permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and privileges to them. Non-permanent residents of the state, even if Indian citizens, were not entitled to these ‘privileges’, these privileges included that the Jammu and Kashmir state’s residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to residents of other Indian states. As a result of this, Indian citizens from other states could not purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, and his party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, argued that the abrogation of article 370 would help Kashmir out, because Indian citizens from other states could now purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir, getting them more business and growth. The minister of home affairs, Amit Shah also said “I want to tell the people of Jammu and Kashmir what damage Articles 370 and 35A did to the state, It’s because of these sections that democracy was never fully implemented, corruption increased in the state, that no development could take place.”
What citizens think:
Some citizens of Kashmir believe that what Modi has done was incorrect, because they thought that their state should continue to have their own set of rules and regulations, so they could follow what they believed, while others think this was correct as Kashmir had an extremely low employment rate, and had trouble bringing in development. They also believed it was correct because people who wanted land would help the employment and economy rate of the state as well as bring in more tourism.